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Last Updated: November 29, 2021

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Claims for Patent: 6,040,296

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Summary for Patent: 6,040,296
Title: Specific antisense oligonucleotide composition & method for treatment of disorders associated with bronchoconstriction and lung inflammation
Abstract:A DNA comprises an oligonucleotide antisense to mRNA encoding an adenosine A.sub.1 or A.sub.3 receptor. The oligo is provided as a composition, various formulations, a capsule, and cartridge and in the form of a kit. The oligonucleotide of the invention is effective for reducing bronchoconstriction and/or allergy, and may be administered to a subject to treat respiratory ailments such as asthma and other conditions associated with the expression of adenosine receptors.
Inventor(s): Nyce; Jonathan W. (Greenville, NC)
Assignee: East Carolina University (Greenville, NC)
Application Number:08/472,527
Patent Claims:1. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising

an oligonucleotide (oligo) in aerosol form, which is effective for alleviating bronchoconstriction or lung inflammation when administered to a mammal, the oligo being antisense to the initiation codon region, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junctions or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor or a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor, or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor mRNA or an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor mRNA; and

a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor mRNA.

3. The composition of claim 2, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junctions or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions, of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor mRNA; wherein at least one mononucleotide linking residue is selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

4. The composition of claim 3, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction, or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor, wherein all nucleotide linking residues are selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

5. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor mRNA.

6. The composition of claim 5, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor, wherein at least one nucleotide linking residue is selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

7. The composition of claim 6, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the intron-exon junctions of a gene encoding an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor, wherein all mononucleotide linking residues are selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

8. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is a DNA.

9. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is an RNA.

10. The composition of claim 5, wherein all nucleotide linking residues are selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

11. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is complementary to the coding region of a gene or antisense to the initiation codon of a mRNA.

12. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo comprises about 10 to about 60 mononucleotides.

13. The composition of claim 12, wherein the oligo comprises about 18 to about 21 mononucleotides.

14. The composition of claim 12, wherein the oligo comprises about 18 mononucleotides.

15. The composition of claim 14, wherein the oligo comprises 21 mononucleotides.

16. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is selected from the group consisting of

SEQ. ID NO.: 1; and

SEQ. ID NO.: 1, wherein at least one mononucleotide linking residue is substituted by a residue selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

17. The composition of claim 1, comprising an oligo selected from the group consisting of

SEQ. ID NO.: 3; and

SEQ. ID NO.: 3, wherein at least one mononucleotide linking residue is selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

18. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is selected from the group consisting of

SEQ. ID NO.: 5; and

SEQ. ID NO.: 5, wherein at least one mononucleotide linking residue is selected from the group consisting of methylphosphonate, phosphotriester, phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, boranophosphate, formacetal, thioformacetal, thioether, carbonate, carbamate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfamate, sulfonamide, sulfone, sulfite, sulfoxide, sulfide, hydroxylamine, methylene(methyimino), methyleneoxy(methylimino) and phosphoramidate residues.

19. The composition of claim 1, wherein the carrier is selected from the group consisting of solid and liquid carriers.

20. The composition of claim 1, further comprising an agent selected from the group consisting of antioxidants, flavoring agents, volatile oils, buffering agents, dispersants, surfactants, propellants and preservatives.

21. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is present in an amount of about 0.1 to about 100 w/w of the composition.

22. The composition of claim 21, wherein the oligo is present in an amount of about 0.1 up to about 40 w/w of the composition.

23. The composition of claim 22, wherein the oligo is present in an amount of about 0.1 up to about 20 w/w of the composition.

24. The composition of claim 1, wherein the carrier comprises a hydrophobic carrier.

25. The composition of claim 24, wherein the carrier comprises lipid particles or vesicles.

26. The composition of claim 25, wherein the vesicles comprise liposomes and the particles comprise microcrystals.

27. The composition of claim 26, wherein the liposomes comprise the oligo.

28. The composition of claim 25, wherein the particles comprise N-(1-[2,3-dioleoxyloxi]propyl)-N,N,N-trimethyl-ammoniummethylsulfate.

29. The composition of claim 24, comprising respirable oligo particles.

30. The composition of claim 24, wherein the aerosol comprises liquid or solid oligo particles.

31. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oligo is in the form of a suspension or solution.

32. The composition of claim 35, wherein the oligo is suspended or dissolved in a solvent or mixtures of solvents.

33. The composition of claim 32, wherein

the solvent is selected from the group consisting of chlorofluorocarbons alone or with co-solvents; and

further comprising an agent selected from the group consisting of surfactants, antioxidants and flavoring agents.

34. The composition of claim 1, wherein is provided in a capsule or cartridge.

35. The composition of claim 34, comprised in a piercable or openable capsule or cartridge.

36. The composition of claim 20, comprising a surfactant.

37. A method of treating an adenosine A.sub.1 or A.sub.3 mediated respiratory disease or condition associated with bronchoconstriction or lung inflammation, comprising administering directly to the respiration of a mammalian subject in need of such treatment an aerosol of the pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 comprising an amount of the oligo effective for alleviating bronchoconstriction and/or lung inflammation.

38. The method of claim 37, wherein the pharmaceutical composition is administered as an aerosol of respirable particles.

39. The method of claim 37, wherein the disease or condition comprises lung inflammation and the oligo is anti-sense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the junctions of an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor gene or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor mRNA.

40. The method of claim 37, wherein the disease or condition comprises a respiratory disease or condition and the oligo is anti-sense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the junctions of an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor gene or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor mRNA.

41. The method of claim 37, wherein the disease or condition comprises asthma.

42. The method of claim 37, wherein the mammalian subject is a human.

43. The method of claim 37, wherein the mammalian subject is a non-human mammal.

44. The method of claim 37, wherein the oligo is administered in an amount of about 0.01 to about 150 mg/kg body weight.

45. The method of claim 44, wherein the oligo is administered in an amount of about 1 to about 100 mg/kg body weight.

46. The method of claim 45, wherein the oligo is administered in an amount of about 1to up to about 50 mg/kg body weight.

47. The method of claim 37, being a prophylactic method.

48. The method of claim 37, being a therapeutic method.

49. An in vivo method of delivering an oligonucleotide (oligo) to a target adenosine A.sub.1 receptor or adenosine A.sub.3 receptor polynucleotide, comprising administering to a mammalian subject the composition of claim 1, comprising an amount of the oligo effective to reach the target adenosine A.sub.1 receptor or adenosine A.sub.3 receptor polynucleotide.

50. The method of claim 49, wherein the composition is administered as an aerosol of respirable oligo particles.

51. The method of claim 49, wherein the oligo is antisense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the junctions of an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor gene or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.3 receptor mRNA.

52. The method of claim 49, wherein the oligo is anti-sense to the initiation codon, the coding region, the 5' or 3' intron-exon junction or regions within 2 to 10 nucleotides of the junctions of an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor gene or antisense to an adenosine A.sub.1 receptor mRNA.

53. The method of claim 49, wherein the oligo is delivered to alleviate a disease or condition associated with bronchoconstriction or lung inflammation.

54. The method of claim 49, wherein the disease or condition comprises asthma.

55. The method of claim 49, wherein the mammalian subject is a human.

56. The method of claim 49, wherein the mammalian subject is a non-human mammal.

57. The method of claim 49, wherein the oligo is administered in an amount of about 0.01 to about 150 mg/kg body weight.

58. The method of claim 56, wherein the oligo is administered in an amount of about 1 to about 100 mg/kg body weight.

59. The method of claim 57, wherein the oligo is administered in an amount of about 1 to up to about 50 mg/kg body weight.

60. The method of claim 49, being a prophylactic method.

61. The method of claim 49, being a therapeutic method.

62. The method of claim 49, wherein the composition further comprises an agent selected from the group consisting of antioxidants, flavoring agents, volatile oils, buffering agents, dispersants, surfactants, propellants and preservatives.

63. The method of claim 62, wherein the composition comprises a surfactant.

Details for Patent 6,040,296

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Approval Date Patent No. Expiredate
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. INTRON A interferon alfa-2b For Injection 103132 1986-06-04 ⤷  Try it Free 2017-03-21
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. INTRON A interferon alfa-2b For Injection 103132 ⤷  Try it Free 2017-03-21
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Approval Date >Patent No. >Expiredate

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