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Last Updated: October 17, 2019

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Claims for Patent: 5,849,695

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Summary for Patent: 5,849,695
Title: Parathyroid hormone analogues useful for treatment of osteoporosis and disorders of calcium meatabolism in mammals
Abstract:The present invention relates polypeptide analogs which have agonist or antagonist or tissue selection properties relative to parathyroid hormone (PTH), parathyroid hormone-like protein (PLP) or parathyroid-related protein (PTHrP). The serine amino acid at position 3, the glutamine amino acid at position 6, the histidine amino acid at position 9 or combinations thereof are substituted by other natural or synthetic amino acids. Preferably, a human PTH fragment of about 34 amino acids is sufficient for pharmacological activity. These polypeptides are useful as agonists or antagonists in the treatment of a human being for disease conditions of cancer, osteoporosis, hypercalcemia, or hyperparathyroid disease conditions. The invention also concerns a method of performing certain assays using the modified peptides, and based on the results of the assays falling within preset limits, selecting those modified peptides which shall be useful in the treatment of disease conditions.
Inventor(s): Cohen; Fred E. (San Francisco, CA), Nissenson; Robert A. (Burlingame, CA), Strewler; Gordon J. (San Francisco, CA)
Assignee: The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA)
Application Number:07/972,466
Patent Claims:1. A pharmaceutical composition useful in the treatment of disease conditions of bone in a mammal comprising a peptide analog compound of the formula:

H.sub.2 N-(Ser or Ala).sup.1 -Val-B.sup.3 -Glu-Ile-J.sup.6 -(Leu or Phe).sup.7 -Met-X.sup.9 -Asn.sup.10- -Leu-Gly-Lys-His--Leu-(Asn or Ser).sup.16 -Ser-(Met or Leu).sup.18 -Glu-Arg.sup.20 -Val-Glu-Trp-Leu-Arg-Lys-Lys-Leu-Gln--Asp.sup.30 -Val-His-Asn-Phe.sup.34 -Z (Structure I), or

the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein:

the amino acid B at position 3 is independently selected from L-serine or those other natural or synthetic L-amino acids having a spatial volume comparable to or greater than serine provided that the amino acid B is not glycine or Glu,

the amino acid J at position 6 is independently selected from L-glutamine or from other natural or synthetic L amino acids,

the amino acid X at position 9 is independently selected from L-histidine or from other natural or synthetic amino acids,

with the proviso that when group B is L-serine, and J is L-glutamine, group X is not L-histidine, when group B is L-serine and group X is L-histidine, group J is not L-glutamine, and when group J is L-glutamine and group X is histidine, group B is not L-serine, and

Z is independently selected from -COOH, -COO-+M wherein +M is selected from pharmaceutically acceptable cations, -(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2, or the sequence of amino acids of human, bovine or porcine parathyroid hormone (35-84) or human, bovine or porcine parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) (35-141); wherein

said peptide analog compound has a low binding and a low activity in specific soft renal tissue as compared to the reference compound bPTH(1-34), and a high specific bone cell binding and a high activity compared to the activity of said peptide analog compound in soft renal tissue, with the proviso that specific bone cell excludes soft bone marrow cells.

2. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is serine, the amino acid at position 7 is leucine, the amino acid at position 16 is Asn, the amino acid at position 18 is methionine, and Z is the sequence of amino acids for human PTH (35-84).

3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is alanine, the amino acid at position 7 is phenylalanine, the amino acid at position 16 is serine, the amino acid at position 18 is methionine and Z is the sequence of amino acids for bovine PTH (35-84).

4. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein structure 1 the amino acid at position 1 is serine, the amino acid at position 7 is leucine, the amino acid at position 16 is serine, the amino acid at position 18 is leucine and Z is the remaining amino acid of porcine PTH (35-84).

5. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein Z is -COOH or COO-+M, or -(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

6. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is serine, the amino acid at position 7 is leucine, the amino acid at position 16 is Asn, and the amino acid at position 18 is methionine, and Z is COOH or COO-+M or -(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

7. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is alanine, the amino acid at position 7 is phenylalanine, the amino acid at position 16 is serine, the amino acid at position 1 8 is leucine, and Z is COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

8. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein in structure 1 the amino acid at position 1 is serine, the amino acid at position 7 is leucine, the amino acid at position 16 is serine, the amino acid at position 18 is leucine and Z is COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

9. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein J is L-glutamine.

10. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 9 wherein J is independently selected from Leu, Phe, Ala, Glu, Ser or Phe.

11. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein J is L-glutamine.

12. The pharmaceutical composition claim 11 wherein B is independently selected from Ala, Phe, Gln, Glu, Lys, His, or Tyr.

13. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein B is independently selected from the L-amino acids: Ser, Ala, Phe, Gin, Glu, Lys, His or Tyr.

14. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5 wherein B is independently selected from the L-amino acids:, Leu, Ala, or Ser.

15. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein Z is (C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

16. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in admixture with a pharmacologically acceptable excipient.

17. A pharmaceutical composition useful in the treatment of disease conditions of bone in a mammal comprising a peptide analog compound independently selected from:

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Lys-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Leu-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ala-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Thr-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Cys-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Asp-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Asn-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Gln-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Lys-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Arg-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-His-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Val-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ile-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Trp-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Met-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Pro-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Nle-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Orn;

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ala-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Thr-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Cys-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Tyr-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Asp-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Asn-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Gln-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Lys-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Vai-Arg-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-His-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Val-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Leu-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Nle-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Pro-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Phe-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Trp-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Met-A';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ile-A'; or

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Orn-A';

where A'is selected from the 4-34 amino acid sequence for human PTH or bovine PTH or their Z.dbd.--COOH or --COO--+M, wherein M is a pharmaceutically acceptable cation or --(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2 derivatives, or the 4-84 sequence of hPTH, bPTH, or pPTH or hPTHrP;

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Thr-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Cys-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Tyr-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Asp-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Glu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Asn-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ser-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Lys-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Arg-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-His-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Val-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Leu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ile-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Pro-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Phe-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Trp-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Met-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gly-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Nle-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Orn-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Thr-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Cys-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Tyr-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Asp-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Glu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Asn-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ser-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Lys-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Arg-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-His-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Val-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Leu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ile-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Pro-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Phe-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Trp-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Met-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gly-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Phe-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Nle-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Orn-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Ser-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Phe-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Ser-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-His-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Leu-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Lys-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-His-Glu-Ile-GIu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Leu-Glu-Ile-Glu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Lys-Glu-Ile-Glu-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Phe-Giu-Ile-Phe-B'

H.sub.2 N-AIa-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Ser-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Val-Glu-Ile-Phe-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Phe-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Ser-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-AIa-Val-Lys-GIu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-His-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-His-GIu-Ile-Ala-B'; or

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Leu-Glu-Ile-Ala-B';

wherein Group B'is selected from the remainder of the remaining peptides of 7-34 active unit of hPTH, bPTH, or pPTH, or their Z.dbd.COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2 derivatives, or the 7-84 sequence of hPTH or bPTH or hPTrH;

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Ser-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Phe-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ser-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Ser-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Phe-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Phe-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Nle-Leu-Met-His-D'; or

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Orn-Leu-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Ala-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Ser-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Leu-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gin-Leu-Met-Phe-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Tyr-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gin-Leu-Met-Glu-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Lys-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Gln-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ser-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Leu-Met-Nle-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Ala-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Ser-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Leu-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Phe-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Tyr-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Glu-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Lys-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Gln-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Nle-D'; or

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-Orn-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Ser-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Phe-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Ser-Glu-Ile-Ser-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Gln-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Ser-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Phe-Glu-Ile-Phe-Phe-Met-His-D';

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Tyr-Glu-Ile-Phe-Phe-Met-His-D'; or

H.sub.2 N-Ala-Val-Nle-Glu-Ile-Phe-Phe-Met-His-D'

or the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein D'is selected from the 10-34 amino acid sequence for human or bovine PTH or their Z.dbd.--COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2 derivatives, or the remaining 10-84 sequence of pPTH, bPTH, pPTH or hPTHrP in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient; wherein said peptide analog compound has a low binding and a low activity in specific soft renal tissue as compared to the reference compound bPTH(1-34), and a high specific bone cell binding and a high activity compared to the activity of said peptide analog compound in soft renal tissue, with the proviso that bone cells excludes soft bone marrow cells.

18. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein A', B'or D'is hPTH (1-34) terminating in --COOH.

19. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein A', B'or D'is hPTH (1-34) terminating in COO--+M, wherein M is selected from sodium, potassium, calcium or barium.

20. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein the amino acids at position 1 and 3 are L-serine and A', B' or D'is hPTH (1-34) terminating in Z.dbd.--COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O) NH.sub.2.

21. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is L-alanine, B is serine, A', B'or D' is bPTH (4-34) terminating in Z.dbd.--COOH or COO--.dbd.M or -(C.dbd.O) NH.sub.2.

22. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is L-serine, and the amino acid at position 3 is not L-serine and A', B' or D' is hPTH (1-34) terminating in Z.dbd.-COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O) NH.sub.2.

23. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is L-alanine, and the amino acid at position 3 is not L-serine serine and are A', B' or D' is bPTH (1-34) terminating in Z.dbd.--COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O) NH.sub.2.

24. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein the amino acid at position 1 is serine, the amino acid at position 3 is serine, the amino acid at position 6 is not L-glutamine and A', B' or D' is hPTH (1-34) terminating in Z.dbd.--COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O) NH.sub.2.

25. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein the amino acids at positions 1 and 3 are L-serine, the amino acid at position 6 is L-glutamine and the amino acid at position 9 is not L-histidine and group D' is hPTH(10-34) terminating in Z.dbd.--COOH or COO--+M or --(C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

26. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein Z is (C.dbd.O)NH.sub.2.

27. A method of treatment of a mammal in need of therapeutic treatment for a disease of the bone, which method comprises administration of a therapeutically effective amount of the pharmaceutical composition of claim 15 or the pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in admixture with a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

28. The method of claim 27 which comprises administration of a therapeutically effective amount of structure I by oral, parenteral, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, vaginal, rectal, buccal, sublingual or intranasal means.

29. The method of claim 28 wherein the compound is used to treat osteoporosis, hypercalcemia or hyperparathyroid conditions in a human being.

Details for Patent 5,849,695

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Number Approval Date Patent No. Assignee Estimated Patent Expiration Status Orphan Source
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 001 2015-01-23   Start Trial The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA) 2015-12-15 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 002 2015-01-23   Start Trial The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA) 2015-12-15 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 003 2015-01-23   Start Trial The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA) 2015-12-15 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 004 2015-01-23   Start Trial The Regents of the University of California (Oakland, CA) 2015-12-15 RX Orphan search
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Number >Approval Date >Patent No. >Assignee >Estimated Patent Expiration >Status >Orphan >Source

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