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Summary for Patent: 5,720,936
|Title:||Transgenic mouse assay for compounds affecting amyloid protein processing|
|Abstract:||The construction of transgenic animal models for testing potential treatments for Alzheimer\'s disease are described. The models are characterized by a greater similarity to the conditions existing in naturally occurring Alzheimer\'s disease, based on expression of all three forms of the .beta.-amyloid precursor protein (APP), APP.sub.695, APP.sub.751, and APP.sub.770), as well as various point mutations based on naturally occurring mutations, such as the London and Indiana familial Alzheimer\'s disease (FAD) mutations at amino acid 717, and predicted mutations in the APP gene. The APP gene constructs are prepared using the naturally occurring promoter, as well as inducible promoters such as the mouse metallothionine promoter, which can be regulated by addition of heavy metals such as zinc to the animal\'s water or diet, and promoters such as the rat neuron specific enolase promoter, human .beta. actin gene promoter, human platelet derived growth factor B (PDGF-B) chain gene promoter, rat sodium channel gene promoter, mouse myelin basic protein gene promoter, human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase gene promoter, and mammalian POU-domain regulatory gene promoter. The constructs are introduced into animal embryos using standard techniques such as microinjection. Animal cells can be isolated from the transgenic animals or prepared using the same constructs with standard techniques such as lipofection or electroporation. The transgenic animals, or animal cells, are used to screen for compounds altering the pathological course of Alzheimer\'s Disease as measured by their effect on the amount and histopathology of APP and .beta.-amyloid peptide in the animals, as well as by behavioral alterations.|
|Inventor(s):||Wadsworth; Samuel (Shrewsbury, MA), Snyder; Benjamin (Worcester, MA), Wei; Cha-Mer (Framingham, MA), Leibowitz; Paul J. (Brookline, MA)|
|Assignee:||Athena Neurosciences, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)|
|Patent Claims:||1. A method for screening compounds for an effect on Alzheimer's disease comprising
administering the compound to be tested to a transgenic mouse having integrated into the chromosome a nucleic acid construct,
wherein the construct comprises a mammalian promoter operatively linked to a cDNA-genomic DNA hybrid sequence, wherein said hybrid sequence contains a cDNA sequence encoding APP770 or a cDNA encoding APP770 with a naturally occurring mutation,
wherein a genomic APP DNA sequence consisting of exon 6 and an amount of the adjacent downstream intron sufficient for Splicing, the KI and OX-2 coding regions and an mount of each of their upstream and downstream introns sufficient for splicing, and exon 9 and an amount of the adjacent upstream intron sufficient for splicing is substituted into the cDNA sequence encoding APP770 or the cDNA sequence encoding APP770 with a naturally occurring mutation, and
wherein the construct is transcribed and differentially spliced in the transgenic mouse to form mRNA which is translated into APP695, APP751 and APP770,
and determining if there is altered expression or processing of APP, wherein the presence of altered expression or processing of APP is indicative of an effect of the compound on Alzheimer's disease.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein the construct includes a mutation at amino acid 717.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein the construct includes a promoter selected from the group consisting of the human AlP promoter, metallothionine promoter, rat neuron specific enolase promoter, and human platelet derived growth factor B chain promoter.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein the promoter is the human platelet derived growth factor B chain promoter.
5. The method of claim 1 further comprising determining if the brain histopathology, or the behavior of the transgenic mouse is altered after administration of the compound to the mouse.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein altered expression or processing of APP is determined by measuring the level of .beta. peptide produced by the transgenic mouse and comparing the measured level to the level of .beta. peptide produced by a transgenic mouse to which the compound has not been administered.
|Applicant||Tradename||Biologic Ingredient||Dosage Form||BLA||Number||Approval Date||Patent No.||Assignee||Estimated Patent Expiration||Status||Orphan||Source|
|Schering||INTRON A||interferon alfa-2b||VIAL||103132||001||1986-06-04||➤ Sign Up||Athena Neurosciences, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)||2015-02-24||RX||search|
|Schering||INTRON A||interferon alfa-2b||VIAL||103132||002||1986-06-04||➤ Sign Up||Athena Neurosciences, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)||2015-02-24||RX||search|
|Schering||INTRON A||interferon alfa-2b||VIAL||103132||003||1986-06-04||➤ Sign Up||Athena Neurosciences, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)||2015-02-24||RX||search|
|>Applicant||>Tradename||>Biologic Ingredient||>Dosage Form||>BLA||>Number||>Approval Date||>Patent No.||>Assignee||>Estimated Patent Expiration||>Status||>Orphan||>Source|
|Country||Patent Number||Publication Date|
|Austria||243746||Jul 15, 2003|
|Australia||3336093||Aug 03, 1993|
|Australia||671093||Aug 15, 1996|
|Canada||2127450||Apr 17, 2007|
|Canada||2127450||Jul 22, 1993|
|Germany||69233109||Jul 31, 2003|
|>Country||>Patent Number||>Publication Date|
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